Upper Mesopotamia The uplands region, between the Tigris north of Samarra and the Euphrates north of Hitis known as Al Jazira the island and is part of a larger area that extends westward into Syria between the two rivers and into Turkey. Water in the area flows in deeply cut valleys, and irrigation is much more difficult than it is in the lower plain.
The southwest areas of this zone are classified as desert or semi-desert. The northern parts, which include such places like the Nineveh PlainsDuhok and Zakhomainly consist of Mediterranean vegetation.
The vegetation cyclically dries out and appear brown in the virtually arid summer and flourish in the wet winter. Here the Tigris and Euphrates rivers lie above the level of the plain in many places, and the whole area is a river delta interlaced by the channels of the two rivers and by irrigation canals.
Intermittent lakesfed by the rivers in flood, also characterize southeastern Iraq. Much of it is permanent marsh, but some parts dry out in early winter, and other parts become marshland only in years of great flood.
Because the waters of the Tigris and Euphrates above their confluence are heavily silt - laden, irrigation and fairly frequent flooding deposit large quantities of silty loam in much of the delta area.
Windborne silt contributes to the total deposit of sediments. It has been estimated that the delta plains are built up at the rate of nearly twenty centimeters in a century. In some areas, major floods lead to the deposit in temporary lakes of as much as thirty centimeters of mud.
The Tigris and Euphrates also carry large quantities of salts. These, too, are spread on the land by sometimes excessive irrigation and flooding. A high water table and poor surface and subsurface drainage tend to concentrate the salts near the surface of the soil.
|Geography of Iraq - Wikipedia||This wealthy region, comprising much of what is called the Fertile Crescentlater became a valuable part of larger imperial polities, including sundry Persian, Greek, and Roman dynastiesand after the 7th century it became a central and integral part of the Islamic world.|
|Geography of Iraq||Upper Mesopotamia The uplands region, between the Tigris north of Samarra and the Euphrates north of Hitis known as Al Jazira the island and is part of a larger area that extends westward into Syria between the two rivers and into Turkey.|
|Geography of Iran - Wikipedia||Iran at night Topography of Iran The topography of Iran consists of rugged, mountainous rims surrounding high interior basins. The main mountain chain is the Zagros Mountainsa series of parallel ridges interspersed with plains that bisect the country from northwest to southeast.|
|Iraq | History, Map, Population, & Facts | lausannecongress2018.com||State Borders Like many other developing countries, Iraq is an artificial political entity.|
|Geography of Iraq||
In general, the salinity of the soil increases from Baghdad south to the Persian Gulf and severely limits productivity in the region south of Al Amarah. There are two other major lakes in the country to the north of Bahr al Milh: Buhayrat ath Tharthar and Buhayrat al Habbaniyah.
These " Baghdad Belts " can be described as the provinces adjacent to the Iraqi capital and can be divided into four quadrants: Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, and Northwest.
Beginning in the north, the belts include the province of Salah ad Dinclockwise to Baghdad province, Diyala in the North-east, Babil and Wasit in the south east and around to Al Anbar in the west. Northern Iraq The northeastern highlands begin just south of a line drawn from Mosul to Kirkuk and extend to the borders with Turkey and Iran.
Except for a few valleys, the mountain area proper is suitable only for grazing in the foothills and steppes; adequate soil and rainfall, however, make cultivation possible. Here, too, are the great oil fields near Mosul and Kirkuk. The northeast is the homeland of most Iraqi Kurds.
The region, sparsely inhabited by pastoral bedouinsconsists of a wide stony plain interspersed with rare sandy stretches. A widely ramified pattern of wadis —watercourses that are dry most of the year—runs from the border to the Euphrates.
Western and southern Iraq is a vast desert region covering some 64, square miles square kmalmost two-fifths of the country. The western desert, an extension of the Syrian Desert, rises to elevations above 1, feet metres. The southern desert is known as Al-Hajarah in the western part and as Al-Dibdibah in the east.
Both deserts are part of the Arabian Desert. Al Hajarah has a complex topography of rocky desert, wadis, ridges, and depressions. Al-Dibdibah is a more sandy region with a covering of scrub vegetation. Elevation in the southern desert averages between 1, and 2, feet to metres.
It has been recognized since as the boundary between western Kuwait and Iraq.
Tigris—Euphrates river system[ edit ] Main article: Tigris—Euphrates river system The Euphrates originates in Turkey, is augmented by the Balikh and Khabur rivers in Syria, and enters Iraq in the northwest. Here it is fed only by the wadis of the western desert during the winter rains.
It then winds through a gorge, which varies from two to 16 kilometers in width, until it flows out on the plain at Ar Ramadi. Beyond there the Euphrates continues to the Hindiya Barragewhich was constructed in to divert the river into the Hindiyah Channel; the present day Shatt al Hillah had been the main channel of the Euphrates before The Tigris also rises in Turkey but is significantly augmented by several rivers in Iraq, the most important of which are the Khaburthe Great Zabthe Little Zaband the Adhaimall of which join the Tigris above Baghdad, and the Diyalawhich joins it about thirty-six kilometers below the city.
At the Kut Barrage much of the water is diverted into the Shatt al-Hayywhich was once the main channel of the Tigris.Iran's western borders are with Turkey in the north and Iraq in the south, terminating at the Arvand Rud.
The Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman littorals form the entire 1, kilometres (1, mi) southern border. Geography.
Geography. Baghdad. Iraq, situated in what was ancient Mesopotamia, occupies the eastern wing of the Fertile Crescent, the relatively fertile area of land in the otherwise arid region of the Middle East and North Africa.
Iraq is bordered to the north by Turkey, to the east by Iran, to the west by Syria and Jordan, and to the south by. GEOGRAPHY Iraq is dominated by two famous rivers: the Tigris and the Euphrates. They flow southeast from the highlands in the north across the plains toward the Persian Gulf.
Most of Iraq is a series of broad, sandy plains. The Syrian Desert blankets the land in the extreme west. In the southeast near the Persian Gulf, the land is low, marshy, and often flooded. Iraq is mountainous in the north, as the Zagros Mountains front its borders with Iran and Turkey.
The country. Hey geograpeeps! Welcome to Geography Now! This is the first and only Youtube Channel that actively attempts to cover profiles on every single country of the. Most of Iraq is a series of broad, sandy plains.
The Syrian Desert blankets the land in the extreme west. In the southeast near the Persian Gulf, the land is low, marshy, and often flooded. Iraq is mountainous in the north, as the Zagros Mountains front its borders with Iran and Turkey. The country.