The History Learning Site, 25 May The Truman Doctrine was a very simple warning clearly made to the USSR — though the country was not mentioned by name — that the USA would intervene to support any nation that was being threatened by a takeover by an armed minority. The Truman Doctrine has to be assessed against the background of what had happened in Europe at the end of World War Two and in the immediate aftermath. During the war conferencesStalin had made it clear as far as Roosevelt and Churchill were concerned that he would allow free elections in the east European countries previously occupied by Nazi forces and that had been liberated by the Red Army in its drive to Berlin.
Visit Website Did you know? On November 1,two Puerto Rican pro-independence activists tried to assassinate President Truman at the Blair House in Washington, where he was living while the White House was under renovation. Truman was unharmed, although a police officer and one of the would-be assassins were killed.
During this time, Truman also served in the Missouri National Guard.
He saw action in several campaigns and was promoted to captain of his artillery unit. The Trumans had one daughter, Mary Margaret Trumanwho grew up to become a professional singer and author of biographies and mystery novels.
From County Judge to U. Earning a reputation for efficiency and integrity, he was reelected in InTruman was elected to the U. Commonly known as the Truman Committee, it saved American taxpayers millions of dollars and propelled Truman into the national spotlight.
Inas Roosevelt sought an unprecedented fourth term as president, Truman was selected as his running mate, replacing Vice President Henry Wallacea divisive figure in the Democratic Party.
Less than three months later, on April 12,the president died suddenly of a cerebral hemorrhage at age In an effort to end the war in the Pacific and prevent the massive U.
In the aftermath of the war, the Truman administration had to contend with deteriorating U. The president adopted a policy of containment toward Soviet expansion and the spread of communism.
Inhe introduced the Truman Doctrine to provide aid to Greece and Turkey in an effort to protect them from communist aggression. That same year, Truman also instituted the Marshall Planwhich gave billions of dollars in aid to help stimulate economic recovery in European nations.
The president defended the plan by stating that communism would thrive in economically depressed regions. InTruman initiated an airlift of food and other supplies to the Western-held sectors of Berlin, Germany, that were blockaded by the Soviets.
He also recognized the new state of Israel.
On the home front, Truman was faced with the challenge of transitioning America to a peacetime economy. Amid labor disputes, a shortage of consumer goods and a national railroad strike, he saw his approval ratings plummet. He ran for reelection in and was widely expected to lose to Republican challenger Thomas Dewey.
However, Truman conducted a vigorous whistle-stop campaign in which he traveled by train around the country, giving hundreds of speeches. The president and his running mate Alben Barkleya U. Dixiecrat candidate Strom Thurmond earned 39 electoral votes and 2.
The president set forth an ambitious social reform agenda, known as the Fair Deal, which included national medical insurance, federal housing programs, a higher minimum wage, assistance for farmers, repeal of the Taft-Hartley labor act, increases in Social Security and civil rights reforms.
The president supported the creation in of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATOa military alliance of democratic nations, including the United States, Canada, France, the United Kingdom and eight other countries, and appointed Dwight Eisenhower as its first commander.
Also that year, a revolution in China brought the Communists to power, and the Soviets tested their first nuclear weapon. Additionally, during his second term Truman had to contend with unproven accusations made by U. State Department, among other organizations, had been infiltrated by communist spies.Truman Doctrine On March 12, , in an address to Congress, President Harry S.
Truman declared it to be the foreign policy of the United States to assist any country whose stability was threatened by . Truman was the eldest of three children of John A. and Martha E. Truman; his father was a mule trader and farmer. After graduating from high school in in Independence, Missouri, he went to work as a bank clerk in Kansas City.
In he moved to the family farm near Grandview, and he took over. So, whether you agree with the tumultuous history of American foreign policy in the Cold War or not, there really is no policy (or "A" on your Cold War History .
The role of Truman Doctrine in the history of the United States of America. The Korean War is the name given to a civil war between the nations of North Korea and South Korea, which were created out of the occupation zones of the Soviet Union and United States established at the end of World War lausannecongress2018.com conflict began on June 25, , and fighting continued until an armistice on July 27, , although, since no official peace treaty was signed, the war is still not.
The Truman Doctrine was a de facto declaration of the Cold War. Truman’s address outlined the broad parameters of U.S. Cold War foreign policy: the Soviet Union was the center of all communist.