Could you imagine being a defenceless little animal bred and born only to be cut open, injected and electrocuted until you die?
Enos the space chimp before insertion into the Mercury-Atlas 5 capsule in This rat is being deprived of restful sleep using a single platform "flower pot" technique. The water is within 1 cm of the small flower pot bottom platform where the rat sits. At the onset of sleep, the rat would either fall into the water only to clamber back to the pot to avoid drowning, or its nose would become submerged into the water shocking it back to an awakened state.
Mice are the most commonly used vertebrate species because of their size, low cost, ease of handling, and fast reproduction rate. Over 20, rabbits were used for animal testing in the UK in The numbers of rabbits used for this purpose has fallen substantially over the past two decades.
Inthere were 3, procedures on rabbits for eye irritation in the UK,  and in this number was just Cats[ edit ] Cats are most commonly used in neurological research. In the UK, just procedures were carried out on cats in The number has been around for most of the last decade.
Laika and Soviet space dogs Dogs are widely used in biomedical research, testing, and education—particularly beaglesbecause they are gentle and easy to handle, and to allow for comparisons with historical data from beagles a Reduction technique. They are used as models for human and veterinary diseases in cardiology, endocrinologyand bone and joint studies, research that tends to be highly invasive, according to the Humane Society of the United States.
Animal testing on non-human primates Non-human primates NHPs are used in toxicology tests, studies of AIDS and hepatitis, studies of neurologybehavior and cognition, reproduction, geneticsand xenotransplantation.
They are caught in the wild or purpose-bred. In the United States and China, most primates are domestically purpose-bred, whereas in Europe the majority are imported purpose-bred.
The Health Film That Health Organizations Don't Want You To See. Why introduce alternatives to animal testing? Humans and animals don't always react in the same way to a drug. One drug, TGN, was tested on animals and in humans. Bear, (family Ursidae), any of eight species of large short-tailed carnivores found in the Americas, Europe, and lausannecongress2018.com sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) is the smallest, often weighing less than 50 kg ( pounds), and the largest is a subspecies of Alaskan brown bear called the Kodiak bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi; see grizzly bear).The polar bear (Ursus maritimus), however, is the largest.
Department of Agriculturethere were 71, monkeys in U. As ofthere are approximately chimpanzees in U. Laboratory animal sources and International primate trade Animals used by laboratories are largely supplied by specialist dealers. Sources differ for vertebrate and invertebrate animals.
Most laboratories breed and raise flies and worms themselves, using strains and mutants supplied from a few main stock centers.
Animal shelters also supply the laboratories directly. Mice are either bred commercially, or raised in the laboratory. Department of Agriculture USDA to sell animals for research purposes, while Class B dealers are licensed to buy animals from "random sources" such as auctions, pound seizure, and newspaper ads.
Some Class B dealers have been accused of kidnapping pets and illegally trapping strays, a practice known as bunching. Fourteen states explicitly prohibit the practice, while the remainder either allow it or have no relevant legislation.
The latter requirement may also be exempted by special arrangement. Over half the primates imported between and were handled by Charles River Laboratoriesor by Covancewhich is the single largest importer of primates into the U.Here are some of the facts I researched about animal research.
(They are also posted up on the PRO-Test website.) Benefits Without animal research, medicine as we know it today wouldn’t exist. Biological similarity of humans and other animals.
Although humans and animals (technically “non-human animals”) may look different, at a physiological and anatomical level they are remarkably similar.
Do Something About Gun Violence. Unleash your power to prevent gun violence and save lives. Testing of botulinum toxin on animals is a significant activity in Austria and Ireland which might account for this as the test is an LD50 test which causes severe suffering and death to at least 50% of the animals in each and every experiment.
Myths and facts. Here we list more than 20 common misconceptions about animal research and provide some facts to help you make up your mind on where you stand. In defence of animal testing. 11 September Migrating small birds flying at m.
7 August Guide to writing non-technical summaries. Understanding Animal . To give you an idea of how prevalent animal testing is in household and cosmetic products, we have provided a short list below of familiar household brands that test their products on animals — so you can spot and avoid them.