This chapter presents background to the problem, statement of the problems, research objectives and research question, significance of the study, scope and delimitation, and at the end there are operational meanings of some terms. The term education has not lent itself to any strict consensual definition as it depends on the perspective from which one views it, it can be considered as the process of acquiring knowledge, skills, factors, interest, abilities, competence and the cultural norms of a society by people to transmit this life to the coming generations so as to enhance perpetual development of the society Okoro, However, Inspite of the importance attached to education both nationally and internationally, Education sector in the world still is facing a lot of problems that varies from one country to another such as poor Academic performance, School dropout, Truancy, Poor environment of learning and other social and economic problems relating to education Rumberger,
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Indicators of the level of education are the most important parameters influencing each country's development.
Social indicators considered to be a determinant of one's health consists of two constituents namely; 1 Rate of students enrolled in elementary, guidance, secondary and higher education and 2 the rate of adult literacy. This study is aimed to evaluate the situation of school dropouts in Iran, their causes, and appropriate interventions.
Data were collected through literature review including published researches and analysis of documentsfocus group discussions with the presence of experts from Department of Community Health, Academy of Medical Sciences and interviews with stakeholders then these data were classified and presented in three sections namely; current situation, causes and solutions.
Results showed that Iran's current situation in terms of school dropouts is unsatisfactory in comparison to developed countries and in some countries in the region.
Influencing factors for school Factors affecting dropouts were classified into 1 Individual factors such as intellectual disability and behavioral disorders 2 group factors such as peer groups, family problems and children's reduced interests in school and 3 major factors such as educational system and the changes of value, economic, cultural, and political issues.
The present study, with the presentation of statistical documents specifically of the current problem of school dropouts in all levels of the Iranian society has been determined and aside from identifying the causes and factors affecting school dropouts, provision of strategies in three levels of prevention to combat this problem has been addressed.
Dropping out means quitting school, majority of school dropouts happens at the beginning and or the end of the final term. Students who were enrolled in the previous year and failed to enroll in the next following year is an indicator for determining the level of school dropouts.
Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available, and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. Factors related to pupils and their families, factors related to teachers and factors related to the educational system and school and factors related to common environment.
In considering the fact that efforts have been done specifically on improving the country's human development indicators on the average years of schooling, an intervention that is cost effective, this study tries to identify the current status, causes and effective factors in the phenomenon of school dropouts and present guidelines to prevent and control this problem and take steps towards improving the human development indicators.
METHODS Initially, all secondary data published in relation to school dropouts were collected and reviewed in order to explain education and in order to gain insight on the status of school dropouts and its trend on the last decade.
Second, all programs implemented within the country together with its documents were collected, reviewed and analyzed. These documents include program evaluation reports and documents related to educational data and programs.
Keywords and resources in the literature review are presented in Table 1. Table 1 Open in a separate window Focus group discussions One focus group discussion was conducted in August with the presence of 8 participants two sociologists, one social psychologist, one social worker, one psychologist, one specialist in social medicine, one criminologist and one specialist in social welfare.
The session was facilitated by a skilled moderator B. D and lasted for about 2 h.
The aim of this focus group discussion was to identify causes of student dropouts and identify appropriate interventions in providing solutions to this problem. The session was audio taped and transcribed.
Semi-structured in-depth interviews Through purposeful sampling, authorities and organizations directly involved in the phenomenon of school dropouts have been selected. Two persons from the deputy of health and physical education, the department of surveillance against social harm, two authorities from the deputy of education and culture, the general office of guidance and counseling, one authority from the program planning and school association for family education and parent counseling department were chosen to take part in the interview.
Of these five persons, we were able to persuade the deputy for education and culture, assistant director for educational affairs and counseling, the deputy for physical education and health and personnel from the department of surveillance against social harm and the chairman of program planning of the parent's teachers association and counseling.
Thus, the heterogeneous samples in terms of education, gender, and age were provided to stakeholders and experts. Before the interview, a formal notice was sent to each participant indicating the time and date of the interview [ Box 1 ].The objectives of this paper are to identify and analyze family and school factors related to school dropouts in Ethiopia, their differential effects by gender and region.
Specifically, it addresses lausannecongress2018.com · The findings of the study show that the most important factors affecting students’dropouts are the pressure of study, financial problems, and going abroad took the second and the third lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com · This study examined the factors affecting student dropouts in an online certificate program.
In this research, a combination of quantitative and qualitative lausannecongress2018.com · This study examined the factors affecting student dropouts in an online certificate program. In this research, a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was used. Online Course Dropout Survey was developed and used to determine which factors affect student attrition from the program.
The lausannecongress2018.com · The present study, with the presentation of statistical documents specifically of the current problem of school dropouts in all levels of the Iranian society has been determined and aside from identifying the causes and factors affecting school dropouts, provision of strategies in three levels of prevention to combat this problem has been lausannecongress2018.com FACTORS AFFECTING DROPOUTS IN PERCEPTION OF THE STUDENTS IN THE NATIONAL TEACHERS COLLEGE QUIAPO,MANILA An Undergraduate Thesis Presented To the Faculty of the College of Education In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the APPROVAL SHEET In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor in Secondary Education Major in lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com