The association between previous TB treatment and MDR-TB has been noted in investigations in other countries [ 13 - 152425 ], while more recent studies have observed that it is previous treatment failure that is significantly associated with MDR-TB [ 325 ] Our findings underscore the need to improve basic TB control practices to ensure that all TB patients adhere to and complete TB treatment.
Surveys[ edit ] To determine prevalence, the Namibian government conducts a bi-annual serological survey among pregnant women, ages 15— The survey is done anonymously during routine antenatal care visits, which means that the results cannot be linked to anyone.
InNamibia had an HIV prevalence rate of However, the figure is still quite distressing. It is estimated that AIDS accounts for at least half of all deaths among individuals ages 15 to However, there is great variation in HIV prevalence rates from region to region in Namibia. Treatment[ edit ] Namibia is the second most sparsely populated country in the world.
Insufficient numbers of skilled technical personnel and limited managerial capacity at all levels have exacerbated the challenges of decentralization, and access to services remains limited for those living in sparsely populated areas.
As the country with one of the highest levels of income disparity in the world, poverty and household nutrition pose major challenges. This is one of Namibia's greatest success stories of modern times.
Orphan care and support[ edit ] Namibia's Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare works closely with various development partners, non-governmental organizations and faith-based groups to implement the National Plan of Action for Orphans and Vulnerable Children. Two of the larger organizations are: Although data on contribution of various development partners is inadequate, the US government's contribution is especially significant.
In78, children received at least some assistance, although the total number of orphans is estimated to be aboutThis number does include vulnerable children who are not orphans, which renders the total number of needy children much higher.iii Working Together Towards Prosperity The Fifth National Development Plan (NDP5) is the 5th NDP in the series of a total of seven (7) National Developmnet Plans that are to.
The top diseases in Namibia are tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. Namibia ranks fourth as one of the countries most afflicted by tuberculosis (TB). The burden of TB has significantly dropped since , when it peaked at , incidents.
Tuberculosis (TB) exerts a huge burden of disease in Namibia, with a case notification rate (CNR) of cases per , population in This is one of the highest tuberculosis CNRs in Africa.
This is one of the highest tuberculosis CNRs in Africa. According to Haufiku, Namibia has made significant progress to detect patients with multi-drug resistant TB which resulted in diagnosing a total of patients with forms of MDR TB in According to the latest WHO data published in Tuberculosis Deaths in Namibia reached or % of total deaths.
The age adjusted Death Rate is per , of population ranks Namibia #25 in the world. Review other causes of death by clicking the links below or choose the full health profile.
The Stop TB Partnership aims to push tuberculosis up the world political agenda. It focuses on expanding the use of the Stop TB Strategy, forming a drug facility to provide free or low cost tuberculosis drugs, and a global charter to map the world response to this epidemic.