Gold plates with Phoenician and Etruscan writing You might imagine that something as simple and basic as the alphabet would have been around forever. But of course it hasn't.
The original reply, if it ever existed, has not survived; however, in the s an amateur ethnographer from Yekaterinoslav today DniproYa. Novitsky, found a copy made in the 18th century. He gave it to historian Dmytro Yavornytskywho by chance read it to his guests, among writing about artwork was the painter Ilya Repin.
Repin became curious about the story and in started the first of his studies. However, Mehmed demanded that the Cossacks submit to Turkish rule. The Cossacks, led by Ivan Sirkoreplied in an uncharacteristic manner: The painting exhibits the Cossacks' pleasure at striving to come up with ever more base vulgarities.
During Repin's time, the Cossacks enjoyed great popular sympathy. Repin also admired them: No one in the world held so deeply freedom, equality, and fraternity.
As the Sultan; son of Muhammad; brother of the sun and moon; grandson and viceroy of God; ruler of the kingdoms of Macedonia, Babylon, Jerusalem, Upper and Lower Egypt; emperor of emperors; sovereign of sovereigns; extraordinary knight, never defeated; steadfast guardian of the tomb of Jesus Christ; trustee chosen by God Himself; the hope and comfort of Muslims; confounder and great defender of Christians - I command you, the Zaporogian Cossacks, to submit to me voluntarily and without any resistance, and to desist from troubling me with your attacks.
O sultan, Turkish devil and damned devil's kith and kin, secretary to Lucifer himself. What the devil kind of knight are thou, that canst not slay a hedgehog with your naked arse? The devil shits, and your army eats. Thou shalt not, thou son of a whore, make subjects of Christian sons; we have no fear of your army, by land and by sea we will battle with thee, fuck thy mother.
Thou Babylonian scullion, Macedonian wheelwright, brewer of Jerusalem, goat-fucker of Alexandria, swineherd of Greater and Lesser Egypt, pig of Armenia, Podolian thief, catamite of Tartary, hangman of Kamyanetsand fool of all the world and underworld, an idiot before God, grandson of the Serpent, and the crick in our dick.
Pig's snout, mare's arse, slaughterhouse cur, unchristened brow, screw thine own mother! So the Zaporozhians declare, you lowlife. You won't even be herding pigs for the Christians.
Now we'll conclude, for we don't know the date and don't own a calendar; the moon's in the sky, the year with the Lord, the day's the same over here as it is over there; for this kiss our arse! This work he never finished. The second version of "The Cossacks" the artist tried to make more "historically authentic".
This canvas is slightly smaller than the original version. Vladimir Gilyarovskya popular journalist of partial Cossack descent, was one of the models who posed for Repin.
Verses were also set to music by Dmitri Shostakovich in his "Symphony Number 14", amongst other poets Lorca, Rilke writing about death.
Art critic Clement Greenberg selected Repin's painting as a bad example of " kitsch " in his influential essay Avant-Garde and Kitsch The writing of the letter is depicted in the film Taras Bulba A trailer for the "Cossacks" expansion to the video game Europa Universalis IV includes an altered version of the reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks European Wars has the central detail of the picture in its logo.
Reproductions[ edit ] Several full-size copies of the Repin painting exist, including a famous reproduction by Pavel Porfirov Repin's studentcurrently held by the Cincinnati Art Museum.Magicfly 72 Colored Pencils Set Premier Soft Core Watercolor Pencils with 2 Brushes and Metal Tin Case, Bonus Pencil Sharper.
When it comes to selling your art, the more information that you provide in your artwork description the better! After all, this is where your customer will.
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